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Belize Fact Sheet

Useful Information on Belize


Belize has an area of approximately 9,000 square miles, bordered by Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.  Belize has the second longest barrier reef in the world (165 miles long). The land is flat at the coast and rises to 3,600 feet inland at the height of the Maya Mountains. Jungle and rainforest cover the central and southern regions with predominantly dry pine savannah, Caribbean pine forests, and extensive wetlands in the north and west.


Subtropical, with prevailing north-easterly trade winds from the sea. Temperatures range from 60 degrees Farenheit (16 Celsius) to 95 degrees Farenheit (32 Celsius). Belize is marked by a wet season from June to October and a dry season from November to May. Although the best time of year to travel to Belize is definitely through the "dry season", Mother Nature does still give us some rain during this timeframe. Northern Belize, which may receive as little as 50 inches of rainfall, is considerably drier than the far south, which can receive upwards of 180 inches of rainfall annually. This rainfall helps feed the lush jungles and sustain year-round growth.  


Most of the major towns and villages of Belize lie on the coast or along major rivers. In recent times however, new settlements have formed, mostly in the Cayo District of Western Belize and the Toledo District in Southern Belize. The latest census in Belize shows a population of over 350,000 made up of Creole, Garifuna, Mestizo, Maya, Mennonites, and Europeans. Belize in general has a very young population with over 50% of the people under 18 years old.


English is the official language and is widely spoken throughout the country. Other languages spoken: Creole, Spanish, Garifuna, Maya, and German.


Belize is a member of the British Commonwealth, with a stable democratic government established along the model of the British Parliamentary system. The country is divided into six districts, with each district electing members to the House of Representatives. Presently, the United Democratic Party forms the government with Honorable Dean Barrow as the Prime Minister, replacing incumbent Said Musa from the Peoples United Party (PUP). The PUP now sits as the official opposition.


Passports are required for entry into Belize.

United States and Canadian citizens, nationals of Caricom countries and of the European Community member nations (Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Denmark, Ireland, UK, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden) do not require visas.

Visas are required for nationals of the following countries:Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bosnia, Brazil, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Columbia, Cuba, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Haiti, Honduras, India, Japan, Korea (North and South), Libya, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Switzerland, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Ukraine, and Zaire.

Also, please note the Government of Belize requires your passport to be valid for more than three months after your arrival. For questions regarding entry requirements, or people from other nationalities, please contact our office (1-800-667-1630) or the nearest Belize Embassy. A list of Belize Embassies, worldwide, can be found by clicking here 

For up to date information on entry requirements into Belize, please also double check the Belize Tourism Board's website


The Belize Dollar has a fixed rate of $2BZ = $1US. US currency and travelers checks in US currency are widely accepted. Credit cards can be used in most tourist facilities. ATMs are becoming more common in Belize but should not be part of your planned travel budget as they may be problematic to access during your trip.  However, the machines are now connected to North American systems and can be used in an emergency.


The current is the same as Canada and the US (110V AC) and the same plug is used.  No adapters are required.


Sales Tax - Belize has General Sales Tax (GST) adding 12.5% on top of most goods and services within Belize.

Hotel Tax - Hotel Tax is 9% on the cost of hotel stay in the country. It is fairly customary to see a 5-10% service charge as well.

Departure Tax

By Air (Most of the Airlines now include these fees in their ticket price)

All passengers are required to pay an international departure tax of $39.25 US. Most of the airlines now include these fees in their ticket price - please review your airline fare breakdown for more information. This departure tax is broken down into the following components:

International Passengers - On Departure - via Phillip Goldson International Airport (PGIA) 
Passenger Service Fee:$15.00 
Airport Development Fee: $18.00 
Hold Bags: $1.25 
Security Fee $1.25 
Conservation Fee: $3.75 
Total Airport Departure Fees: $39.25 USD - normally included in your flight ticket already - please review your fare breakdown for more information.

Domestic Flights 
User Fee: $2.50US at all airports

By Land

International Passengers 
On Departure: 
Northern Border, Western Border and Southern Border 
Intransit Passengers only - Border Processing Fee - $15.00 
Overnight Passengers - Border Processing Fee $15.00 + Conservation Fee $3.75; 
Total Fee: $18.75 USD

Guatemalan and Mexican passengers: 
Less than 24hrs. - NO FEE; more than 24hrs.: $3.75 USD

Mexicans staying more than 72hrs. $18.75 USD

For more information contact the Border Management Authority

By Sea

International Passengers 
On Arrival  From Punta Gorda, Dangriga or San Pedro 
Belize Port Authority

On Departure via Punta Gorda, Dangriga or San Pedro 
Conservation Fee $3.75 USD 
Domestic Air Passenger (flying within Belize) 
International Airport (PGIA) to Municipal Airports 
Security Fee $0.75 USD 

Please check with local authorities for upto date information.


Belize is located within the Central Time Zone and does not observe Daylight Savings Time.


Generally the water is drinkable right from the taps in most large towns, lodges, and hotels. Many Belizeans and travelers also choose to drink bottled water which is available in most shops. Safe drinking water is provided throughout your Island Expeditions' tour. In the field, we will filter rain water in our camps, and when necessary use Pristine water treatment to make water potable.  We use large 5 gallon jugs of water which can be decanted into your personal water bottle.


Taxis are identifiable by their green license plates in Belize. They are non-metered and fares are standard. Taxis from the Belize International Airport are a standard rate and the rate is posted upon exiting the customs area. Be sure to negotiate the price before starting your journey.


There are no endemic diseases. No inoculations are required for entry, however we do strongly recommend you consider a Havrix injection for Hepatitis A (or Twinrix for both Hep A & B), anti-malaria tablets (if traveling into the rainforest), and an up-to-date tetanus shot. Contact your doctor or travel clinic prior to traveling to Belize.